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Soc. Sci. 2015, 4(3), 469-498; doi:10.3390/socsci4030469

Collaborative Resilience to Episodic Shocks and Surprises: A Very Long-Term Case Study of Zanjera Irrigation in the Philippines 1979–2010

1,†
and
2,†,*
1
School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, PO Box 875302, Tempe, AZ 85287-5302, USA
2
School of Environment and Sustainability, Programs in Environmental Design and Environmental Studies, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 8030, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Oliver Ibert
Received: 1 November 2014 / Revised: 25 June 2015 / Accepted: 2 July 2015 / Published: 7 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Constructing Resilience, Negotiating Vulnerability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1994 KB, uploaded 7 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

This thirty-year case study uses surveys, semi-structured interviews, and content analysis to examine the adaptive capacity of Zanjera San Marcelino, an indigenous irrigation management system in the northern Philippines. This common pool resource (CPR) system exists within a turbulent social-ecological system (SES) characterized by episodic shocks such as large typhoons as well as novel surprises, such as national political regime change and the construction of large dams. The Zanjera nimbly responded to these challenges, although sometimes in ways that left its structure and function substantially altered. While a partial integration with the Philippine National Irrigation Agency was critical to the Zanjera’s success, this relationship required on-going improvisation and renegotiation. Over time, the Zanjera showed an increasing capacity to learn and adapt. A core contribution of this analysis is the integration of a CPR study within an SES framework to examine resilience, made possible the occurrence of a wide range of challenges to the Zanjera’s function and survival over the long period of study. Long-term analyses like this one, however rare, are particularly useful for understanding the adaptive and transformative dimensions of resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: Philippines; resilience; irrigation; collective; common pool resources; collaborative; social-ecological systems; surprise; shock Philippines; resilience; irrigation; collective; common pool resources; collaborative; social-ecological systems; surprise; shock
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yabes, R.; Goldstein, B.E. Collaborative Resilience to Episodic Shocks and Surprises: A Very Long-Term Case Study of Zanjera Irrigation in the Philippines 1979–2010. Soc. Sci. 2015, 4, 469-498.

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