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Soc. Sci. 2014, 3(4), 809-826; doi:10.3390/socsci3040809

Child Welfare and Successful Reunification through the Socio-Educative Process: Training Needs among Biological Families in Spain

1
Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, School of Educational Sciences, University of Lleida, 25001 Lleida, Spain
2
Department of Educational Methods and Diagnostics, School of Education, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
3
Department of Pedagogy, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Rovira i Virgili University, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 July 2014 / Revised: 22 September 2014 / Accepted: 25 September 2014 / Published: 22 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Developments in Child Protection)
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Abstract

In Spain, an average of 480 children per 100,000 is receiving some type of temporary care, and the reunification process is typically lengthy. Providing the biological family with specific training as part of the reunification process is key to solving this problem. Although previous research and social policy have emphasized the importance of such training to reunification, the training has not been fully implemented in Spain. This study investigates the specific training needs during the transition phase of the reunification process in which the child prepares to return home. The data were obtained from focus groups and through semi-structured interviews with 135 participants: 63 professionals from the Child Protection System and 42 parents and 30 children who have undergone or are currently undergoing reunification. A qualitative methodology and Atlas.ti software were used to analyze the interview content. The results indicate three specific training needs: (a) understanding the reasons for reunification and the reunification phases; (b) empowerment strategies; and (c) social support. These findings suggest the best practices for formulating specific support programs for this population during the reunification transition period. View Full-Text
Keywords: reunification; biological family training; educational needs; child welfare system; child protection reunification; biological family training; educational needs; child welfare system; child protection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Balsells, M.A.; Pastor, C.; Amorós, P.; Mateos, A.; Ponce, C.; Navajas, A. Child Welfare and Successful Reunification through the Socio-Educative Process: Training Needs among Biological Families in Spain. Soc. Sci. 2014, 3, 809-826.

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