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Soc. Sci. 2013, 2(4), 270-283; doi:10.3390/socsci2040270

Sustainable Paper Consumption: Exploring Behavioral Factors

Industrial Engineering Programme, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Gadjah Mada University (UGM), Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Received: 11 September 2013 / Revised: 23 October 2013 / Accepted: 30 October 2013 / Published: 8 November 2013
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Although the paperless office (PLO) management system has been established with the goal of paper usage reduction, demand for paper has still showed an uptrend over the years. Given the substantial pressure on forest ecosystems due to a continued increase of paper consumption, understanding the behavioral aspects of paper consumption is, therefore, required. This present paper aims at exploring the factors underlying paper consumption behavior. Empirical data was acquired through a survey of 266 Indonesian students, involving both undergraduate and postgraduate students. A theoretical model, based on the Comprehensive Action Determination Model (CADM), was tested against the empirical data. It was found that the model received reasonable support from the data. Results indicate that reducing paper consumption behavior is strongly influenced by habit and, marginally significant, by intention. Furthermore, habit formation is influenced by both normative processes and situational influences. The results, to some extent, explain the PLO paradox in a way that the PLO program should have focused on breaking the habit of paper usage instead of promoting the benefits of PLO. Introducing a paper quota and rationing (fee) to new students, as the main target, is a potential policy intervention implied from the results.
Keywords: behavioral factors; paper consumption; Indonesian students; PLO paradox behavioral factors; paper consumption; Indonesian students; PLO paradox
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Sopha, B.M. Sustainable Paper Consumption: Exploring Behavioral Factors. Soc. Sci. 2013, 2, 270-283.

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