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Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania
Centre for Injury Prevention and Community Safety (CIPCS), PeerCorps Trust Fund, 352/64 Makunganya Street, Co-Architecture Building, 4th Floor, P.O. Box 22499, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Unit of Adolescent Psychiatry, Turku University Hospital, Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Turku, Kaskenkatu 13 A 7 20700 Turku, Finland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2013; in revised form: 29 September 2013 / Accepted: 12 October 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
Abstract: Bullying is an understudied issue of public health importance in low-income countries. In the present study, we aimed to explore social and demographic factors associated with bullying among adolescents in a low-income country urban setting. We divided a sample of 2,154 school-attending adolescents into two groups, those who had been bullied during a 30-day period and those who were not. We considered age, sex, mental health, parent-relationship, hunger and social deprivation and truancy in our comparison of these two groups using logistic regression. Multinomial regression was also used to determine if there was a dose response relationship between bullying frequency and the aforementioned selected variables. We found that school-attending adolescents in Dar es Salaam were more likely to be truant, suffer from mental health problems and have experienced hunger. Adolescents who had parents which were more aware of their free time activities, were less likely to report being bullied. There were also significant differences in bullying frequency and certain variables, most notably with truancy, economic and social deprivation, and signs of depression. School settings in Dar es Salaam offer a potential for intervening in what are potentially harmful effects of bullying behavior among bully victims.
Keywords: bullying; adolescents; school health; Africa; urban setting
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Wilson, M.L.; Celedonia, K.L.; Kamala, B.A. Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania. Soc. Sci. 2013, 2, 234-246.
Wilson ML, Celedonia KL, Kamala BA. Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania. Social Sciences. 2013; 2(4):234-246.
Wilson, Michael L.; Celedonia, Karen L.; Kamala, Benjamin A. 2013. "Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania." Soc. Sci. 2, no. 4: 234-246.