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Soc. Sci. 2013, 2(4), 234-246; doi:10.3390/socsci2040234
Article

Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania

1,2,* , 1
 and 1
Received: 17 September 2013; in revised form: 29 September 2013 / Accepted: 12 October 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
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Abstract: Bullying is an understudied issue of public health importance in low-income countries. In the present study, we aimed to explore social and demographic factors associated with bullying among adolescents in a low-income country urban setting. We divided a sample of 2,154 school-attending adolescents into two groups, those who had been bullied during a 30-day period and those who were not. We considered age, sex, mental health, parent-relationship, hunger and social deprivation and truancy in our comparison of these two groups using logistic regression. Multinomial regression was also used to determine if there was a dose response relationship between bullying frequency and the aforementioned selected variables. We found that school-attending adolescents in Dar es Salaam were more likely to be truant, suffer from mental health problems and have experienced hunger. Adolescents who had parents which were more aware of their free time activities, were less likely to report being bullied. There were also significant differences in bullying frequency and certain variables, most notably with truancy, economic and social deprivation, and signs of depression. School settings in Dar es Salaam offer a potential for intervening in what are potentially harmful effects of bullying behavior among bully victims.
Keywords: bullying; adolescents; school health; Africa; urban setting bullying; adolescents; school health; Africa; urban setting
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilson, M.L.; Celedonia, K.L.; Kamala, B.A. Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania. Soc. Sci. 2013, 2, 234-246.

AMA Style

Wilson ML, Celedonia KL, Kamala BA. Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania. Social Sciences. 2013; 2(4):234-246.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilson, Michael L.; Celedonia, Karen L.; Kamala, Benjamin A. 2013. "Patterns, Characteristics, and Correlates of Adolescent Bully-Victims in Urban Tanzania." Soc. Sci. 2, no. 4: 234-246.

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