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Buildings 2018, 8(9), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8090126

Evaluation of Thermal Comfort in Traditional Houses in a Tropical Climate

1
Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7188637911, Iran
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7193616548, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 6 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 9 September 2018
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Abstract

A considerable amount of energy is being consumed for heating and cooling indoor environments in order to provide thermal comfort. For older buildings located in the southern parts of Iran, particularly in Bushehr, many climatic and passive design strategies are being used to provide indoor thermal comfort. This architecture and these elements have been developed in response to unfavorable weather conditions. The current study aimed to identify those passive elements and evaluate indoor thermal comfort in older houses. To achieve these objectives, passive elements in main houses located in the ancient urban structure were first identified. Then, a house in the coastal belt, Tabib’s house, and another house inside the ancient urban structure, Nozari’s house, were selected for the purpose of field measurement. The results revealed that the passive techniques used in these older houses significantly provide sufficient indoor thermal conditions. The mean measured predicted mean vote (PMV) of Tabib’s rooms was 0.88 and the mean measured PMV of Nozari’s rooms was 0.91, which were in an acceptable range. The measured predicted percentage of dissatisfied of rooms in both houses were lower than 10%. The main factor in creating indoor thermal comfort in these houses was the natural ventilation and its availability in the selected houses. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal comfort; older architecture; hot-humid climate; wind velocity; Predicted Mean Vote (PMV); Predicted Percentage of Dissatisfied (PPD); natural ventilation thermal comfort; older architecture; hot-humid climate; wind velocity; Predicted Mean Vote (PMV); Predicted Percentage of Dissatisfied (PPD); natural ventilation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Shaeri, J.; Yaghoubi, M.; Aflaki, A.; Habibi, A. Evaluation of Thermal Comfort in Traditional Houses in a Tropical Climate. Buildings 2018, 8, 126.

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