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Buildings 2018, 8(2), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8020017

Building in Historical Areas: Identity Values and Energy Performance of Innovative Massive Stone Envelopes with Reference to Traditional Building Solutions

DICEA, Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00138, Italy
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Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 25 January 2018 / Published: 27 January 2018
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Abstract

The intrinsic nature of local rocks shaped the features of built heritage in historical centers. The resulting building culture is part of the cultural heritage itself, and must be considered when building in such areas, while it is essential to solve the issues related to traditional constructions’ weaknesses. Nonetheless, the potentialities of massive stone envelopes, particularly the importance of thermal inertia, have contributed to redefining the language of contemporary architectural culture. Nowadays, although the trend of employing thin stone cladding panels is prevalent, thick stone envelopes are gaining a renewed importance. Previous literature demonstrated that mixed building technologies or massive stone envelopes coupled with load-bearing framed structures are able to meet comfort and safety requirements and to guarantee the integration of new constructions in the consolidated urban landscape, avoiding historicist approaches. This research, through the analysis of case studies, aims to describe innovative building solutions developed by contemporary architectural culture, comparing them with traditional stone masonry walls. Moreover, thermal energy performance of such building solutions is assessed through dynamic yearly simulations. Results show that these solutions are technically and architecturally suitable to build in historical centers, because they can express urban cultural identity and guarantee good energy performance and users’ comfort. View Full-Text
Keywords: innovative stone envelopes; traditional stone masonry; cultural identity; architectural identity; thermal energy performance; thermal inertia; dynamic yearly simulation innovative stone envelopes; traditional stone masonry; cultural identity; architectural identity; thermal energy performance; thermal inertia; dynamic yearly simulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mariani, S.; Rosso, F.; Ferrero, M. Building in Historical Areas: Identity Values and Energy Performance of Innovative Massive Stone Envelopes with Reference to Traditional Building Solutions. Buildings 2018, 8, 17.

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