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Buildings 2018, 8(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8010011

Building Energy Assessment and Computer Simulation Applied to Social Housing in Spain

1
CIRCE Foundation, Campus Río Ebro, Calle Mariano Esquillor Gómez, 15, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering and CIRCE Research Institute, University of Zaragoza, Calle María de Luna, 5, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Department of Accounting and Finance and CIRCE Research Institute, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 15 December 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2018 / Published: 16 January 2018
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Abstract

The actual energy consumption and simulated energy performance of a building usually differ. This gap widens in social housing, owing to the characteristics of these buildings and the consumption patterns of economically vulnerable households affected by energy poverty. The aim of this work is to characterise the energy poverty of the households that are representative of those residing in social housing, specifically in blocks of apartments in Southern Europe. The main variables that affect energy consumption and costs are analysed, and the models developed for software energy-performance simulations (which are applied to predict energy consumption in social housing) are validated against actual energy-consumption values. The results demonstrate that this type of household usually lives in surroundings at a temperature below the average thermal comfort level. We have taken into account that a standard thermal comfort level may lead to significant differences between computer-aided energy building simulation and actual consumption data (which are 40–140% lower than simulated consumption). This fact is of integral importance, as we use computer simulation to predict building energy performance in social housing. View Full-Text
Keywords: social housing; energy audit in buildings; building computer simulation; energy poverty social housing; energy audit in buildings; building computer simulation; energy poverty
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Aranda, J.; Zabalza, I.; Llera-Sastresa, E.; Scarpellini, S.; Alcalde, A. Building Energy Assessment and Computer Simulation Applied to Social Housing in Spain. Buildings 2018, 8, 11.

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