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Buildings 2017, 7(2), 27; doi:10.3390/buildings7020027

Comparison of Space Heating Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings Based on Traditional and Model-Based Techniques

Faculty of Technology, University College of Southeast Norway, P.O. Box 203, N-3901 Porsgrunn, Norway
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Academic Editor: Cinzia Buratti
Received: 18 December 2016 / Revised: 6 March 2017 / Accepted: 20 March 2017 / Published: 23 March 2017
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Abstract

This paper presents a comparison of different scenarios in controlling the space heating systems in residential buildings. The space heating energy consumption of a three-storey residential building is estimated using traditional control methods (fixed-temperature schedule and fixed-time schedule) and a mathematical model-based control strategy. The model-based control technique takes the usage pattern of the building into account and operates the heaters based on the calculated heating time of the building. The results from the experiments confirm that the use of a model in heating control is the best option, which can save up to 1400 kWh and 320 kWh per year compared to a fixed-temperature schedule and fixed-time schedule, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: buildings; energy saving; heating time; mathematical model; usage pattern buildings; energy saving; heating time; mathematical model; usage pattern
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Perera, D.W.U.; Skeie, N.-O. Comparison of Space Heating Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings Based on Traditional and Model-Based Techniques. Buildings 2017, 7, 27.

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