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Buildings 2016, 6(2), 12; doi:10.3390/buildings6020012

The impact of Built Environment Characteristics on Metropolitans Energy Consumption: An Example of Greater Cairo Metropolitan Region

1
Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-0061, Japan
2
Faculty of urban and Regional Planning, Cairo University, Giza 12411, Egypt
3
Faculty of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
4
Development institute of Tourism Studies, Al-fayoum university, Fayoum 63111, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuel Duarte Pinheiro
Received: 6 January 2016 / Revised: 2 March 2016 / Accepted: 16 March 2016 / Published: 24 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact of Buildings—Linking Impacts and Tools)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1287 KB, uploaded 24 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper examined the influences of the built environment and socio-economic driving factors on domestic gasoline consumption in developing metropolitan regions through a case study of the greater Cairo metropolitan region (GCMR), Egypt. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used in analyzing the causality of the domestic gasoline consumption. The influences of major factors hypothetically affecting the domestic energy consumption such as resident characteristics and built environment characteristics were examined. The results proved a high positive influence of the resident’s income and the number of adults as driving factors, directly and indirectly, affecting energy consumption levels. Population density and attitude towards eco-friendly driving factors proved to be a very low influence on energy consumption. The built environment driving factors such as access time to public transportation and related building characteristics factors proved to have a low impact on energy consumption. The study findings suggest that the design of a built environment should be well related to the socioeconomic factors to manage the domestic energy consumption in developing regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; mixed land-use; urban sustainability; energy consumption; developing countries climate change; mixed land-use; urban sustainability; energy consumption; developing countries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Osman, T.; Divigalpitiya, P.; Osman, M.M. The impact of Built Environment Characteristics on Metropolitans Energy Consumption: An Example of Greater Cairo Metropolitan Region. Buildings 2016, 6, 12.

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