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Buildings 2015, 5(4), 1361-1388; doi:10.3390/buildings5041361

Guidelines for Using Building Information Modeling for Energy Analysis of Buildings

1
FXFOWLE Architects, 22 W 19 Street, New York, NY 10011, USA
2
Department of Construction Management, Colorado State University, 224A Guggenheim Hall, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
3
Rinker School of Construction Management, University of Florida, 304 Rinker Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tanyel Bulbul
Received: 23 June 2015 / Revised: 16 November 2015 / Accepted: 1 December 2015 / Published: 9 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue BIM in Building Lifecycle)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1477 KB, uploaded 9 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Building energy modeling (BEM), a subset of building information modeling (BIM), integrates energy analysis into the design, construction, and operation and maintenance of buildings. As there are various existing BEM tools available, there is a need to evaluate the utility of these tools in various phases of the building lifecycle. The goal of this research was to develop guidelines for evaluation and selection of BEM tools to be used in particular building lifecycle phases. The objectives of this research were to: (1) Evaluate existing BEM tools; (2) Illustrate the application of the three BEM tools; (3) Re-evaluate the three BEM tools; and (4) Develop guidelines for evaluation, selection and application of BEM tools in the design, construction and operation/maintenance phases of buildings. Twelve BEM tools were initially evaluated using four criteria: interoperability, usability, available inputs, and available outputs. Each of the top three BEM tools selected based on this initial evaluation was used in a case study to simulate and evaluate energy usage, daylighting performance, and natural ventilation for two academic buildings (LEED-certified and non-LEED-certified). The results of the case study were used to re-evaluate the three BEM tools using the initial criteria with addition of the two new criteria (speed and accuracy), and to develop guidelines for evaluating and selecting BEM tools to analyze building energy performance. The major contribution of this research is the development of these guidelines that can help potential BEM users to identify the most appropriate BEM tool for application in particular building lifecycle phases. View Full-Text
Keywords: building information modeling (BIM); building energy modeling (BEM); simulation; energy consumption; daylighting; natural ventilation building information modeling (BIM); building energy modeling (BEM); simulation; energy consumption; daylighting; natural ventilation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Reeves, T.; Olbina, S.; Issa, R.R.A. Guidelines for Using Building Information Modeling for Energy Analysis of Buildings. Buildings 2015, 5, 1361-1388.

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