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Buildings 2015, 5(2), 622-649; doi:10.3390/buildings5020622

Integrating Life Cycle Energy into the Design of Façade Refurbishment for a Post-War Residential Building in The Netherlands

1
ABT bv, Delftechpark 12, 2628 XH Delft, The Netherlands
2
Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elma Durmisevic
Received: 8 March 2015 / Revised: 1 May 2015 / Accepted: 18 May 2015 / Published: 27 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life-Cycle Energy Analysis of Buildings)

Abstract

The existing building stock has been in the focus of European Union policies for energy savings. Nevertheless, energy certification schemes refer mostly to operational energy and usually do not consider aspects related to the life cycle of the building. To look at the overall energy cost during the lifespan of a building, the energy used to produce and assemble the building materials also needs to be included. This paper develops a design methodology for existing residential buildings that aims at decreasing the life cycle energy use as much as possible. This approach was applied on a case study of an existing post-war residential building in Utrecht, The Netherlands. The main focus of this study is to find a design solution for façade retrofitting that considers both embodied and operational energy. The design approach is based on comparing different strategies for the use of façade materials. This design methodology can be replicated in other projects, as the conclusions and recommendations can also be used for future refurbishment projects for which a low operational energy and materials with a low embodied energy are desired. View Full-Text
Keywords: refurbishment; life cycle energy; embodied energy; operational energy; energy performance; design methodology refurbishment; life cycle energy; embodied energy; operational energy; energy performance; design methodology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Loussos, P.; Konstantinou, T.; van den Dobbelsteen, A.; Bokel, R. Integrating Life Cycle Energy into the Design of Façade Refurbishment for a Post-War Residential Building in The Netherlands. Buildings 2015, 5, 622-649.

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