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Buildings 2015, 5(1), 16-38; doi:10.3390/buildings5010016

Climate Based Façade Design for Business Buildings with Examples from Central London

Department of Architecture, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln LN6 7TS, UK
Academic Editor: David Dernie
Received: 13 September 2014 / Accepted: 5 January 2015 / Published: 9 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buildings, Design and Climate Change)
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Abstract

There is a disconnection between commercial architecture and environmental thinking, where green features can be included as part of a strategy for gaining approvals and marketing projects, but those features are not reviewed after completion and occupation of the building and knowledge is not shared. High levels of air conditioning are still considered unavoidable. Elaborate double skin façades and complex motorized shading systems are adopted; often masking an underlying lack of basic environmental thinking. This article returns (in principle) to the physics of comfort in buildings and the passive strategies which can help achieve this with a low energy and carbon footprint. Passive and active façade design strategies are outlined as the basis of a critical tool and a design methodology for new projects. A new architectural sensibility can arise based on modeling the inputs of sunlight, daylight and air temperature in time and space at the early stages of design. Early but sound strategies can be tested and refined using advanced environmental modeling techniques. Architecture and environmental thinking can proceed hand in hand through the design process. View Full-Text
Keywords: climatic design; day-lighting; façade design; shading; solar heat gain; cross disciplinary; design workflow; nearly zero carbon; business buildings climatic design; day-lighting; façade design; shading; solar heat gain; cross disciplinary; design workflow; nearly zero carbon; business buildings
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Napier, J. Climate Based Façade Design for Business Buildings with Examples from Central London. Buildings 2015, 5, 16-38.

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