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Buildings 2013, 3(4), 713-727; doi:10.3390/buildings3040713

The Role of Environmentally Conscious Architecture and Planning As Components of Future National Development Plans in Egypt

1,*  and 2
1 Department of Architecture, Modern Sciences and Arts University, 6th of October City 12564, Egypt 2 Department of Construction and Architectural Engineering, American University in Cairo, Cairo 11835, Egypt
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2013 / Revised: 30 September 2013 / Accepted: 6 October 2013 / Published: 14 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmentally Conscious Architecture)
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Egypt has been experiencing challenging economic, social and political disturbance during the end of the twentieth century and towards the beginning of the twenty-first. With its fast expanding population, high consumption rate and economic deficit, the Egyptian community continues to experience a low quality of living. These issues contributed greatly to the uprising, following the Tunisian model, in January, 2011. However, the political change that followed did not help a lot, as development strategies are still far from being sustainable. In the beginning of the millennium, Egypt experienced an 8.6% energy deficit, followed by a growing energy crisis [1]. Knowing that almost 50% of the energy produced in Egypt is consumed inside buildings [2], environmentally conscious architecture can be a very powerful tool in development plans, as it can reasonably reduce the consumption of energy and other resources and enhance the quality of living for people. This work analyzes the supposed role of environmentally conscious architecture and, hence, evaluates its importance as a major component of national development plans in the near future. The analysis encompasses a review of the status quo in terms of consumption patterns and required services and, then, compares it with the case in which environmentally conscious architecture is adopted.
Keywords: environment; consumption; energy; resources; Egypt; development environment; consumption; energy; resources; Egypt; development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Ayyad, K.M.; Gabr, M. The Role of Environmentally Conscious Architecture and Planning As Components of Future National Development Plans in Egypt. Buildings 2013, 3, 713-727.

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