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Laws 2016, 5(3), 35; doi:10.3390/laws5030035

Disability in a Human Rights Context

Department of Social Work, Education and Diaconia, Protestant University of Applied Sciences, Bochum 44803, Germany
Academic Editor: Anna Arstein-Kerslake
Received: 23 May 2016 / Revised: 6 July 2016 / Accepted: 12 July 2016 / Published: 25 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disability Human Rights Law)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [262 KB, uploaded 25 August 2016]

Abstract

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is a modern human rights treaty with innovative components. It impacts on disability studies as well as human rights law. Two innovations are scrutinized in this article: the model of disability and the equality and discrimination concepts of the CRPD. It is argued that the CRPD manifests a shift from the medical model to the human rights model of disability. Six propositions are offered why and how the human rights model differs from the social model of disability. It is further maintained that the CRPD introduces a new definition of discrimination into international public law. The underlying equality concept can be categorized as transformative equality with both individual and group oriented components. The applied methodology of this research is legal doctrinal analysis and disability studies model analysis. The main finding is that the human rights model of disability improves the social model of disability. Three different models of disability can be attributed to different concepts of equality. The medical model corresponds with formal equality, while the social model with substantive equality and the human rights model can be linked with transformative equality. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability law; human rights; models of disability; discrimination; reasonable accommodation; accessibility; models of equality; human rights model of disability; substantive equality; transformative equality disability law; human rights; models of disability; discrimination; reasonable accommodation; accessibility; models of equality; human rights model of disability; substantive equality; transformative equality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Degener, T. Disability in a Human Rights Context. Laws 2016, 5, 35.

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