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Laws 2015, 4(3), 352-376; doi:10.3390/laws4030352

Regulating Gamete Donation in the U.S.: Ethical, Legal and Social Implications

Center for Research on Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic & Behavioral Genetics, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
Received: 2 July 2015 / Revised: 20 July 2015 / Accepted: 22 July 2015 / Published: 28 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioethics, Law and Human Rights: Global Intersections)
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Abstract

This article explores the practice of gamete donation in the U.S. having in mind the larger question of what do we as a society owe children born as a result (donor-conceived children). Do recipient-parents have a duty to tell their donor-conceived child about his/her genetic origins? Should the identity of the donor be disclosed or remain anonymous? Does the child have a right to know her conception story and to receive information, including identifying information, about the donor? Furthermore, if a donor-conceived child has a right to know, who has the duty to tell her/him about it? The Article underscores the ethical, legal and social dilemmas that arise, comparing and contrasting with international developments in this arena. It highlights the market-based and more specific medical justifications for regulating this field, explores the emerging so-called right of the child to know his/her genetic origins (“the right to know”), and considers the challenges such a right evokes to existing legal culture and principles of medical ethics in the U.S. as well as other broader societal implications of such a right.
Keywords: gamete donation; right to know; privatized market; relativism; medical ethics gamete donation; right to know; privatized market; relativism; medical ethics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sabatello, M. Regulating Gamete Donation in the U.S.: Ethical, Legal and Social Implications. Laws 2015, 4, 352-376.

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