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Laws 2014, 3(4), 651-673; doi:10.3390/laws3040651

Trajectories and Risk Factors of Criminal Behavior among Females from Adolescence to Early Adulthood

Department of Criminal Justice, University of Central Florida, 12805 Pegasus Dr., Orlando, FL 32816, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 June 2014 / Revised: 28 August 2014 / Accepted: 5 September 2014 / Published: 29 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Juvenile Delinquency)
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Previous research suggests that social environmental and individual-level factors influence adolescent development and behavior over time. However, little attention has been devoted to examining how risk factors (i.e., parental support, peer delinquency, self-control) affect trajectories of criminal behavior among female adolescents. Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 5138 females) and latent class analysis, three offending trajectories among females from late adolescence to early adulthood were identified: late escalators, late de-escalators, and stable low/abstainers. Next, the influence of social environmental and individual-level factors during adolescence (Wave 1) on these trajectories was assessed. Results identified key differences in the risk factors related to group placement. The implications of the findings for prevention and treatment services targeting adolescent females, and directions for future research, are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: offending trajectories; female delinquency; risk factors for criminal behavior offending trajectories; female delinquency; risk factors for criminal behavior

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Krupa, J.M.; Childs, K.K. Trajectories and Risk Factors of Criminal Behavior among Females from Adolescence to Early Adulthood. Laws 2014, 3, 651-673.

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