Laws 2013, 2(1), 20-32; doi:10.3390/laws2010020
Article

Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations

1,* email, 1, 1, 2, 1 and 1
Received: 25 February 2013; in revised form: 6 March 2013 / Accepted: 14 March 2013 / Published: 20 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Juvenile Delinquency)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This study investigated school discipline infractions leading to suspensions and expulsions in Louisiana to determine patterns and trends, particularly among racial/ethnic groups. Discipline incident data rather than student discipline data were used to provide a more accurate reflection of the number of infractions and dispositions occurring. Findings included that black students and American Indian students had a higher percentage of out-of-school suspensions and were more likely to commit an infraction in the violent discipline infractions category, but the overwhelming majority of offenses for all groups were for non-violent and non-drug offenses. Links to juvenile delinquency and zero tolerance policies are discussed.
Keywords: discipline problem; suspension/expulsion rate; ethnicity/race
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MDPI and ACS Style

Forsyth, C.J.; Howat, H.; Pei, L.K.; Forsyth, Y.A.; Asmus, G.; Stokes, B.R. Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations. Laws 2013, 2, 20-32.

AMA Style

Forsyth CJ, Howat H, Pei LK, Forsyth YA, Asmus G, Stokes BR. Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations. Laws. 2013; 2(1):20-32.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Forsyth, Craig J.; Howat, Holly; Pei, Lai K.; Forsyth, York A.; Asmus, Gary; Stokes, Billy R. 2013. "Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations." Laws 2, no. 1: 20-32.

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