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Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations
Picard Center, The University of Louisiana, Lafayette, PO Box 42730, Lafayette, LA 70504-2730, USA
Political Science, The University of New Orleans, 2000 Lakeshore Drive, New Orleans, LA 701116, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 February 2013; in revised form: 6 March 2013 / Accepted: 14 March 2013 / Published: 20 March 2013
Abstract: This study investigated school discipline infractions leading to suspensions and expulsions in Louisiana to determine patterns and trends, particularly among racial/ethnic groups. Discipline incident data rather than student discipline data were used to provide a more accurate reflection of the number of infractions and dispositions occurring. Findings included that black students and American Indian students had a higher percentage of out-of-school suspensions and were more likely to commit an infraction in the violent discipline infractions category, but the overwhelming majority of offenses for all groups were for non-violent and non-drug offenses. Links to juvenile delinquency and zero tolerance policies are discussed.
Keywords: discipline problem; suspension/expulsion rate; ethnicity/race
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Forsyth, C.J.; Howat, H.; Pei, L.K.; Forsyth, Y.A.; Asmus, G.; Stokes, B.R. Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations. Laws 2013, 2, 20-32.
Forsyth CJ, Howat H, Pei LK, Forsyth YA, Asmus G, Stokes BR. Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations. Laws. 2013; 2(1):20-32.
Forsyth, Craig J.; Howat, Holly; Pei, Lai K.; Forsyth, York A.; Asmus, Gary; Stokes, Billy R. 2013. "Examining the Infractions Causing Higher Rates of Suspensions and Expulsions: Racial and Ethnic Considerations." Laws 2, no. 1: 20-32.