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Metals 2017, 7(9), 328; doi:10.3390/met7090328

Processing Map of NiTiNb Shape Memory Alloy Subjected to Plastic Deformation at High Temperatures

1
College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2
College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2017 / Revised: 13 August 2017 / Accepted: 23 August 2017 / Published: 25 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Shape Memory Alloys 2017)
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Abstract

The processing map of Ni47Ti44Nb9 (at %) shape memory alloy (SMA), which possesses B2 austenite phases and β-Nb phases at room temperature, is established in order to optimize the hot working parameters. Based on true stress-strain curves of NiTiNb SMA during uniaxial compression deformation at the temperatures ranging from 700 to 1000 °C and at the strain rates ranging from 0.0005 to 0.5 s−1, according to dynamic material model (DMM) principle, the processing map of NiTiNb SMA is obtained on the basis of power dissipation map and instability map. The instability region of NiTiNb SMA increases with increasing the true strain and it mainly focuses on the region with high strain rate. The workability of NiTiNb SMA becomes worse and worse with increasing plastic strain, as well as decreasing deformation temperature. There exist two stability zones which are suitable for hot working of NiTiNb SMA. In one stability region, the deformation temperature ranges from 750 to 840 °C and the strain rate ranges from 0.0003 to 0.001 s−1. In the other stability region, the deformation temperature ranges from 930 to 1000 °C and the strain rate ranges from 0.016 to 0.1 s−1. The severe microstructure defects, such as coarsening grains, band microstructure, and intercrystalline overfiring appear in the microstructures of NiTiNb SMA which is subjected to plastic deformation in the instability zone. View Full-Text
Keywords: shape memory alloy; NiTiNb alloy; plastic deformation; processing map shape memory alloy; NiTiNb alloy; plastic deformation; processing map
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Wang, Y.; Jiang, S.; Zhang, Y. Processing Map of NiTiNb Shape Memory Alloy Subjected to Plastic Deformation at High Temperatures. Metals 2017, 7, 328.

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