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Metals 2017, 7(8), 313; doi:10.3390/met7080313

Preparing Ferro-Nickel Alloy from Low-Grade Laterite Nickel Ore Based on Metallized Reduction–Magnetic Separation

School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
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Received: 9 July 2017 / Revised: 9 August 2017 / Accepted: 12 August 2017 / Published: 16 August 2017
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Abstract

Nickel, a valued metal, mainly exists as nickel oxide in laterite nickel ore. Furthermore, a large part of the laterite nickel ore is low-grade saprolitic ore. In this paper, a research on preparing ferro-nickel alloy from low-grade saprolitic laterite nickel ore using metallized reduction-magnetic separation was studied. In the research, the carbothermic reductions of iron oxide and nickel oxide were analyzed in terms of thermodynamics. The influences of reduction temperature, reduction time, carbon ratio, and CaO addition on the recoveries and grades of iron and nickel were experimentally investigated. To analyze and clarify the related mechanism, the microstructure of ferro-nickel alloy was observed by optical microscope (OM) and scanning electron microscope/energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM/EDS). Accordingly, the results showed that, increasing reduction temperature can improve the grades and recoveries of nickel and iron; appropriate reduction time, carbon ratio and CaO addition can favor aggregation and growing up of the ferro-nickel particles, improving the grades and recoveries of nickel and iron. The optimal process parameters obtained were a reduction temperature of 1350 °C, reduction time of 2 h, carbon ratio of 1.2, and CaO addition of 10%. In this case, the ferro-nickel alloy with nickel grade 7.90% and iron grade 77.32% was prepared successfully from the low-grade saprolitic ore with nickel content 1.82%. The nickel and iron recoveries were 89.36% and 95.87% respectively, which achieved the highly efficient recovery and utilization of iron and nickel of low-grade laterite nickel ore. View Full-Text
Keywords: low-grade laterite nickel ore; metallized reduction; magnetic separation; ferro-nickel alloy low-grade laterite nickel ore; metallized reduction; magnetic separation; ferro-nickel alloy
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Wang, Z.; Chu, M.; Liu, Z.; Wang, H.; Zhao, W.; Gao, L. Preparing Ferro-Nickel Alloy from Low-Grade Laterite Nickel Ore Based on Metallized Reduction–Magnetic Separation. Metals 2017, 7, 313.

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