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Metals 2017, 7(8), 284; doi:10.3390/met7080284

Metal Pollution Indices of Bottom Sediment and Surface Water Affected by Acid Mine Drainage

Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, Vysokoskolska 4, 042 00 Kosice, Slovakia
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Received: 3 April 2017 / Revised: 7 June 2017 / Accepted: 22 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
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Abstract

Sediments are normally the final pathway of both natural and anthropogenic components produced or derived from the environment. Sediment quality is a good indicator of pollution in the water column, where heavy metals and other organic pollutants tend to concentrate. Metals are introduced in aquatic systems as a result of the weathering of soils and rocks, from volcanic eruptions, and from a variety of human activities involving the mining, processing, or use of metals and/or substances that contain metal pollutants. Heavy metal concentration in the water column can be relatively low in some cases, but the concentrations in the sediment may be elevated. The presented work aimed to investigate the pollutant levels of some heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Al, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Pb) in the water and sediments related to acid mine drainage (AMD) produced from an abandoned sulphide mine in Smolnik in Eastern Slovakia. A metal pollution index was used to compare the total content of metals at five sampling stations. The level of partitioning of the metals between the surface water and sediments in the area was calculated using Partition coefficients and the correlation coefficients between the metal pairs in both media were calculated by a Pearson coefficient. View Full-Text
Keywords: sediments; metals; acid mine drainage; statistical analysis sediments; metals; acid mine drainage; statistical analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Singovszka, E.; Balintova, M.; Demcak, S.; Pavlikova, P. Metal Pollution Indices of Bottom Sediment and Surface Water Affected by Acid Mine Drainage. Metals 2017, 7, 284.

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