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Metals 2017, 7(5), 158; doi:10.3390/met7050158

Experimental Investigation on the Fatigue Life of Ti-6Al-4V Treated by Vibratory Stress Relief

State Key Laboratory of Virtual Reality Technology and Systems, School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
Beijing Institute of Aerospace Systems Engineering, Beijing 100076, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Filippo Berto
Received: 1 April 2017 / Revised: 28 April 2017 / Accepted: 28 April 2017 / Published: 3 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fatigue Damage)
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Vibratory stress relief (VSR) is a highly efficient and low-energy consumption method to relieve and homogenize residual stresses in materials. Thus, the effect of VSR on the fatigue life should be determined. Standard fatigue specimens are fabricated to investigate the fatigue life of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy treated by VSR. The dynamic stresses generated under different VSR amplitudes are measured, and then the relationship between the dynamic stress and vibration amplitude is obtained. Different specimen groups are subjected to VSRs with different amplitudes and annealing treatment with typical process parameters. Residual stresses are measured to evaluate the stress relieving effects. Finally, the fatigue behavior under different states is determined by uniaxial tension–compression fatigue experiments. Results show that VSR and annealing treatment have negative effects on the fatigue life of Ti-6Al-4V. The fatigue life is decreased with the increase in VSR amplitude. When the VSR amplitude is less than 0.1 mm, the decrease in fatigue limit is less than 2%. Compared with specimens without VSR or annealing treatment, the fatigue limit of the specimens treated by VSR with 0.2 mm amplitude and annealing treatment decreases by 10.60% and 8.52%, respectively. Although the stress relieving effect is better, high amplitude VSR will lead to the decrease of Ti-6Al-4V fatigue life due to the defects generated during vibration. Low amplitude VSR can effectively relieve the stress with little decrease in fatigue life. View Full-Text
Keywords: fatigue life; vibratory stress relief; titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V; residual stress; annealing treatment fatigue life; vibratory stress relief; titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V; residual stress; annealing treatment

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gao, H.-J.; Zhang, Y.-D.; Wu, Q.; Song, J. Experimental Investigation on the Fatigue Life of Ti-6Al-4V Treated by Vibratory Stress Relief. Metals 2017, 7, 158.

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