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Metals 2017, 7(4), 129;

The Influence of FeO on the Reaction between Fe–Al–Ca Alloy and Al2O3–CaO–FeO Oxide during Heat Treatment at 1473 K

The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kennedy
Received: 12 March 2017 / Revised: 29 March 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017


Oxygen diffusion from oxides to an alloy during heat treatment could influence the properties of the alloy and oxides. To clarify the influence of FeO on the solid-state reactions between Al2O3–CaO–FeO oxide and Fe–Al–Ca alloy during heat treatment at 1473 K, three diffusion couples with different FeO concentrations in the oxide were produced. The diffusion couples were subjected to several procedures successively including an oxide pre-melting experiment using a confocal scanning laser microscope to obtain good contact between the alloy and oxide, vacuum sealing to protect the specimens from oxidation, heat treatment, and electron probe X-ray microanalysis. The effects of the FeO content in the oxide on the morphology of the interface between the alloy and oxide, change of elements in the alloy, widths of the particle precipitation zone (PPZ) and aluminum-depleted zone (ADZ), and size distribution of the particles in the alloy, were investigated and discussed. Based on the Wagner equation of internal oxidation of metals, a modified dynamic model to calculate the PPZ width was established to help understand the mechanism of the solid-state reactions and element diffusion between the Fe–Al–Ca alloy and Al2O3–CaO–FeO oxide with different FeO concentrations. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid-state reaction; heat treatment; diffusion couple; FeO content solid-state reaction; heat treatment; diffusion couple; FeO content

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Liu, C.; Yang, S.; Li, J.; Ni, H.; Zhang, X. The Influence of FeO on the Reaction between Fe–Al–Ca Alloy and Al2O3–CaO–FeO Oxide during Heat Treatment at 1473 K. Metals 2017, 7, 129.

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