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Metals 2017, 7(4), 119; doi:10.3390/met7040119

Effects of ECAP and Annealing Treatment on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mg-1Y (wt. %) Binary Alloy

1
Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
2
National Engineering Research Center of Light Alloys Net Forming, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China
3
Institute of Microstructure and Property of Advanced Materials, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manoj Gupta
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 30 March 2017
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Abstract

Microstructure and mechanical properties development of extruded Mg-1Y (wt. %) binary alloy during equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) with route Bc at 400 °C, and subsequent annealing treatment between 300–400 °C at different holding time of 5–120 min were investigated using an optical and scanning electron microscope (SEM), electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD), tensile test, and hardness test. The grain size of as-extruded material (~10.9 μm) was refined significantly by 1-pass ECAP (~5.8 μm), and resulted in a remarkably enhanced elongation to failure (EL) (~+62%) with a slightly decreased ultimate tensile strength (UTS) (~−3%) comparing to the as-extruded condition (EL = 11.3%, UTS = 200 MPa). The EL was further increased to 27.3% (~+142%) after four passes of ECAP comparing to the as-extruded condition, which was mainly caused by the much more homogenized microstructure. The split basal poles with about 60° rotations to the extruded direction (ED), the relatively coarsened grain size by static recrystallization (SRX) and post-dynamic recrystallization (PDRX) after four passes of ECAP might be responsible for the decreased strength with increasing ECAP pass. During the annealing treatment, recovery dominantly occurred at 300 °C, SRX and grain growth emerged at 350 °C and 400 °C, respectively. Meanwhile, the grain grew and hardness decreased rapidly even within 5 min for 1-pass ECAPed material at 400 °C, indicating a larger grain boundary mobility of ECAPed materials induced by higher deformation energy than the as-extruded ones. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mg-RE alloy; equal channel angular pressing; annealing treatment; mechanical property; grain boundary mobility Mg-RE alloy; equal channel angular pressing; annealing treatment; mechanical property; grain boundary mobility
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Wei, J.; Huang, G.; Yin, D.; Li, K.; Wang, Q.; Zhou, H. Effects of ECAP and Annealing Treatment on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mg-1Y (wt. %) Binary Alloy. Metals 2017, 7, 119.

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