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Metals 2016, 6(1), 9; doi:10.3390/met6010009

In situ Investigation of Titanium Powder Microwave Sintering by Synchrotron Radiation Computed Tomography

1
CAS Key Laboratory of Mechanical Behavior and Design of Materials, Department of Modern Mechanics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
2
Department of Mechanics, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Klaus-Dieter Liss
Received: 3 October 2015 / Revised: 22 December 2015 / Accepted: 23 December 2015 / Published: 4 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metals Challenged by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation)
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Abstract

In this study, synchrotron radiation computed tomography was applied to investigate the mechanisms of titanium powder microwave sintering in situ. On the basis of reconstructed images, we observed that the sintering described in this study differs from conventional sintering in terms of particle smoothing, rounding, and short-term growth. Contacted particles were also isolated. The kinetic curves of sintering neck growth and particle surface area were obtained and compared with those of other microwave-sintered metals to examine the interaction mechanisms between mass and microwave fields. Results show that sintering neck growth accelerated from the intermediate period; however, this finding is inconsistent with that of aluminum powder microwave sintering described in previous work. The free surface areas of the particles were also quantitatively analyzed. In addition to the eddy current loss in metal particles, other heating mechanisms, including dielectric loss, interfacial polarization effect, and local plasma-activated sintering, contributed to sintering neck growth. Thermal and non-thermal effects possibly accelerated the sintering neck growth of titanium. This study provides a useful reference of further research on interaction mechanisms between mass and microwave fields during microwave sintering. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave sintering; microstructure; synchrotron radiation computed tomography microwave sintering; microstructure; synchrotron radiation computed tomography
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Xiao, Y.; Xu, F.; Hu, X.; Li, Y.; Liu, W.; Dong, B. In situ Investigation of Titanium Powder Microwave Sintering by Synchrotron Radiation Computed Tomography. Metals 2016, 6, 9.

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