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Metals 2016, 6(1), 4; doi:10.3390/met6010004

Establishment of Heat Treatment Process for Modified 440A Martensitic Stainless Steel Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Thermo-Calc Calculation

Deptartment of Materials Science and Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 84001, Taiwan
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Academic Editor: Hugo F. Lopez
Received: 28 October 2015 / Accepted: 18 December 2015 / Published: 23 December 2015
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Abstract

To provide a suitable microstructure and mechanical properties for modified Grade 440A martensitic stainless steel (MSS), which could facilitate the further cold deformation process (e.g., cold rolling), this work used differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Thermo-Calc software to determine three soaking temperatures for annealing heat treatment processes (HT1, HT2 and HT3). To verify the feasibility of the proposed annealing heat treatment processes, the as-received samples were initially heated to 1050 °C (similar to the on-line working temperature) for 30 min and air quenched to form a martensitic structure. The air-quenched samples were then subjected to three developed annealing heat treatment conditions. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the heat-treated samples were then investigated. Test results showed that considering the effects of the microstructure and the hardness, the HT1, the HT2 or the soaking temperatures between the HT1 and HT2 were the most recommended processes to modified Grade 440A MSS. When using the recommended processes, their carbides were fine and more evenly distributed, and the microhardness was as low as 210 Hv, which can be applied to the actual production process. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat treatment; martensitic stainless steel (MSS); differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); Thermo-Calc; microstructure; mechanical properties heat treatment; martensitic stainless steel (MSS); differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); Thermo-Calc; microstructure; mechanical properties
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Wang, H.-S.; Hsieh, P.-J. Establishment of Heat Treatment Process for Modified 440A Martensitic Stainless Steel Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Thermo-Calc Calculation. Metals 2016, 6, 4.

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