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Metals 2015, 5(4), 2222-2235; doi:10.3390/met5042222

Effect of Cu Content on Atomic Positions of Ti50Ni50xCux Shape Memory Alloys Based on Density Functional Theory Calculations

School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hugo F. Lopez
Received: 11 August 2015 / Revised: 16 November 2015 / Accepted: 23 November 2015 / Published: 26 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Shape Memory Alloys 2014)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1098 KB, uploaded 26 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

The study of crystal structures in shape memory alloys is of fundamental importance for understanding the shape memory effect. In order to investigate the mechanism of how Cu content affects martensite crystal structures of TiNiCu alloys, the present research examines the atomic displacement of Ti50Ni50xCux (x = 0, 5, 12.5, 15, 18.75, 20, 25) shape memory alloys using density functional theory (DFT). By the introduction of Cu atoms into TiNi martensite crystal to replace Ni, the displacements of Ti and Ni/Cu atoms along the x-axis are obvious, but they are minimal along the y- and z-axes. It is found that along the x-axis, the two Ti atoms in the unit cell move in opposite directions, and the same occurred with the two Ni/Cu atoms. With increasing Cu content, the distance between the two Ni/Cu atoms increases while the Ti atoms draw closer along the x-axis, leading to a rotation of the (100) plane, which is responsible for the decrease in the monoclinic angle. It is also found that the displacements of both Ti atoms and Ni/Cu atoms along the x-axis are progressive, which results in a gradual change of monoclinic angle and a transition to B19 martensite crystal structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: shape memory alloy; atomic displacement; DFT; TiNiCu alloys shape memory alloy; atomic displacement; DFT; TiNiCu alloys
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gou, L.; Liu, Y.; Ng, T.Y. Effect of Cu Content on Atomic Positions of Ti50Ni50xCux Shape Memory Alloys Based on Density Functional Theory Calculations. Metals 2015, 5, 2222-2235.

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