Metals 2014, 4(2), 118-129; doi:10.3390/met4020118
Article

A Novel Research on Behavior of Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles in Different Concentration of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP)

1,* email, 2,* email and 1email
Received: 9 December 2013; in revised form: 28 February 2014 / Accepted: 4 March 2014 / Published: 4 April 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Zinc ferrite nanocrystals were prepared from an aqueous solution containing metal nitrates and various of concentrations of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP), i.e., 0, 15, 40, and 55 g/L, as a capping agent. To stabilize the particles, they were thermally treated at 873 K, as an optimum calcination temperature. The behaviors of the polymeric precursor were analyzed by use of simultaneous thermo-gravimetry (TG) and derivative thermo-gravimetry analyses (DTG). The presence of the crystalline phase in each sample was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The average particle size and the morphology of the nanoparticles were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and these parameters were found to differ at various concentrations of PVP. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) confirmed the presence of metal oxide bands for all the PVP concentrations and confirmed the absence of organic bands for PVP concentrations less than 55 g/L. Measurements of the magnetization value of the zinc ferrite nanoparticles were obtained at room temperature by using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), which showed that, in the absence of PVP, the sample exhibited a paramagnetic behavior while, in the presence of PVP, samples have a super-paramagnetic behavior.
Keywords: nocrystals; magnetic properties; poly(vinyl pyrrolidone); thermal treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kamari, H.M.; Naseri, M.G.; Saion, E.B. A Novel Research on Behavior of Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles in Different Concentration of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). Metals 2014, 4, 118-129.

AMA Style

Kamari HM, Naseri MG, Saion EB. A Novel Research on Behavior of Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles in Different Concentration of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). Metals. 2014; 4(2):118-129.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kamari, Halimah M.; Naseri, Mahmoud G.; Saion, Elias B. 2014. "A Novel Research on Behavior of Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles in Different Concentration of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP)." Metals 4, no. 2: 118-129.

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