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Societies 2017, 7(2), 6; doi:10.3390/soc7020006

Shared Participatory Research Principles and Methodologies: Perspectives from the USA and Brazil—45 Years after Paulo Freire’s “Pedagogy of the Oppressed”

1
Center for Participatory Research, College of Population Health, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
2
School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo SP 01246-904, Brazil
3
Institute of Energy and Environment, University of São Paulo, São Paulo SP 05508-010, Brazil
4
Complexo Educacional Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas—FMU, Environmental Health Master Degree Program, São Paulo SP 05690-050, Brazil
5
Federal University of São Paulo, Department of Public Policy and Collective Health, São Paulo SP 11065-240, Brazil
6
Nursing College, State University of Rio de Janeiro, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro RJ 20.551.030, Brazil
7
Healthy Native Communities Partnership, Inc., Shiprock, NM 87420, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kristine Crondahl
Received: 22 December 2016 / Revised: 7 April 2017 / Accepted: 10 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Promotion)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [853 KB, uploaded 14 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

The trajectory of participation in health research by community social actors worldwide has been built on a history of community participation from the Ottawa Charter Health Promotion call for community mobilization, to the emancipatory educational philosophy of Paulo Freire, to social movements and organizing for health and social justice. This paper builds on this history to expand our global knowledge about community participation in research through a dialogue between experiences and contexts in two prominent countries in this approach; the United States and Brazil. We first focus on differences in political and scientific contexts, financing, and academic perspectives and then present how, despite these differences, similarities exist in values and collaborative methodologies aimed at engaging community partners in democratizing science and knowledge construction. We present three case studies, one from the U.S. and two from Brazil, which illustrate similar multi-level processes using participatory research tools and Freirian dialogue to contribute to social mobilization, community empowerment, and the transformation of inequitable societal conditions. Despite different processes of evolution, we observed a convergence of participatory health research strategies and values that can transform science in our commitment to reduce health and social inequities and improve community wellbeing. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-based participatory research; participatory action research; participatory health research; health promotion; empowerment; health inequities; Brazil; United States community-based participatory research; participatory action research; participatory health research; health promotion; empowerment; health inequities; Brazil; United States
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wallerstein, N.; Giatti, L.L.; Bógus, C.M.; Akerman, M.; Jacobi, P.R.; de Toledo, R.F.; Mendes, R.; Acioli, S.; Bluehorse-Anderson, M.; Frazier, S.; Jones, M. Shared Participatory Research Principles and Methodologies: Perspectives from the USA and Brazil—45 Years after Paulo Freire’s “Pedagogy of the Oppressed”. Societies 2017, 7, 6.

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