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Societies 2016, 6(2), 7; doi:10.3390/soc6020007

Eating in the City: A Review of the Literature on Food Insecurity and Indigenous People Living in Urban Spaces

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L3G1, Canada
Independent Scholar, Killara, New South Wales 2071, Australia
Department of Indigenous Learning, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON P7B5E1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gregor Wolbring
Received: 2 February 2016 / Revised: 14 March 2016 / Accepted: 15 March 2016 / Published: 24 March 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [481 KB, uploaded 24 March 2016]   |  


Indigenous people often occupy different overlapping or co-existing food environments that include market-based foods, land and water based foods, and combinations of the two. Studying these food environments is complicated by the cultural and geographic diversity of Indigenous people and the effects of colonialism, land dispossession, relocation and forced settlement on static reserves, and increasing migration to urban areas. We conducted a scoping study of food insecurity and Indigenous peoples living in urban spaces in Canada, the United States, and Australia. The 16 studies reviewed showed that food insecurity among urban Indigenous populations is an issue in all three nations. Findings highlight both the variety of experiences of urban Indigenous peoples within and across the three nations, and the commonalities of these experiences. View Full-Text
Keywords: food insecurity; Indigenous people; Canada; United States; Australia food insecurity; Indigenous people; Canada; United States; Australia

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Skinner, K.; Pratley, E.; Burnett, K. Eating in the City: A Review of the Literature on Food Insecurity and Indigenous People Living in Urban Spaces. Societies 2016, 6, 7.

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