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Societies 2015, 5(2), 339-353; doi:10.3390/soc5020339

Peer Attachment and Cyber Aggression Involvement among Chinese, Indian, and Japanese Adolescents

1
Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Brno 60200, Czech Republic
2
Office for the Promotion of Global Education Programs, Shizuoka University, Shizuoka Prefecture 432-8561, Japan
3
Department of Psychology, Karnatak University, Karnataka State 580 003, India
4
Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Conor Mc Guckin and Lucie Corcoran
Received: 30 December 2014 / Revised: 12 March 2015 / Accepted: 13 April 2015 / Published: 22 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyberbullying: Where Are We Now? A Cross-National Understanding)
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Abstract

Significant advancements have been made in cyber aggression literature, with many studies revealing the consequences associated with adolescents’ involvement in these behaviors. Few studies have focused on cyber aggression involvement in China, India, and Japan. The present study examined differences in cyber aggression perpetration and victimization among 1637 adolescents living in China, India, and Japan, while controlling for face-to-face bullying involvement, individualism, and collectivism. Another aim of the present study was to examine country of origin and cyber aggression involvement (i.e., the uninvolved, cyberaggressor-cybervictims, cyberaggressors, and cybervictims) differences in peer attachment. Findings revealed that adolescents from India had the highest levels of cyber aggression involvement when compared to adolescents from China or Japan. Chinese adolescents engaged in more cyber aggression perpetration and were victimized more by cyber aggression when compared to Japanese adolescents. No country of origin differences were found for peer attachment. However, uninvolved adolescents reported higher levels of peer attachment when compared to the other groups. Cyberaggressor-cybervictims had the lowest levels of peer attachment, followed by cybervictims and cyberaggressors. These results suggest that there should be concern about cyber aggression involvement among adolescents in these countries, especially in India, where cyber aggression research has been slow to develop. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberbullying; cyber aggression; cyber victimization; peer attachment; individualism; collectivism; culture; China; India; Japan; adolescents cyberbullying; cyber aggression; cyber victimization; peer attachment; individualism; collectivism; culture; China; India; Japan; adolescents
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wright, M.F.; Aoyama, I.; Kamble, S.V.; Li, Z.; Soudi, S.; Lei, L.; Shu, C. Peer Attachment and Cyber Aggression Involvement among Chinese, Indian, and Japanese Adolescents. Societies 2015, 5, 339-353.

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