Next Article in Journal
The Effect of Recovery Duration on Technical Proficiency during Small Sided Games of Football
Previous Article in Journal
America’s Cup Sailing: Effect of Standing Arm-Cranking (“Grinding”) Direction on Muscle Activity, Kinematics, and Torque Application
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sports 2016, 4(3), 38;

Effects of Intermittent Neck Cooling During Repeated Bouts of High-Intensity Exercise

Center for Sport Performance, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
Department of Kinesiology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling de Bruin
Received: 4 May 2016 / Revised: 13 June 2016 / Accepted: 23 June 2016 / Published: 29 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1317 KB, uploaded 29 June 2016]   |  


The purpose of this investigation was to determine the influence of intermittent neck cooling during exercise bouts designed to mimic combat sport competitions. Participants (n = 13, age = 25.3 ± 5.0 year height = 176.9 ± 7.5 cm, mass = 79.3 ± 9.0 kg, body fat = 11.8% ± 3.1%) performed three trials on a cycle ergometer. Each trial consisted of two, 5-min high-intensity exercise (HEX) intervals (HEX1 and HEX2—20 s at 50% peak power, followed by 15 s of rest), and a time to exhaustion (TTE) test. One-minute rest intervals were given between each round (RI1 and RI2), during which researchers treated the participant’s posterior neck with either (1) wet-ice (ICE); (2) menthol spray (SPRAY); or (3) no treatment (CON). Neck (TNECK) and chest (TCHEST) skin temperatures were significantly lower following RI1 with ICE (vs. SPRAY). Thermal sensation decreased with ICE compared to CON following RI1, RI2, TTE, and a 2-min recovery. Rating of perceived exertion was also lower with ICE following HEX2 (vs. CON) and after RI2 (vs. SPRAY). Treatment did not influence TTE (68.9 ± 18.9s). The ability of intermittent ICE to attenuate neck and chest skin temperature rises during the initial HEX stages likely explains why participants felt cooler and less exerted during equivalent HEX bouts. These data suggest intermittent ICE improves perceptual stress during short, repeated bouts of vigorous exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: mixed martial arts; recovery; combat sports; endurance; performance; ice mixed martial arts; recovery; combat sports; endurance; performance; ice

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Galpin, A.J.; Bagley, J.R.; Whitcomb, B.; Wiersma, L.D.; Rosengarten, J.; Coburn, J.W.; Judelson, D.A. Effects of Intermittent Neck Cooling During Repeated Bouts of High-Intensity Exercise. Sports 2016, 4, 38.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sports EISSN 2075-4663 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top