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Sports 2016, 4(2), 33; doi:10.3390/sports4020033

Self-Reported Use and Reasons among the General Population for Using Sports Nutrition Products and Dietary Supplements

1
HAN University of Applied Sciences, Nijmegen 6525 AJ, The Netherlands
2
Mulier Instituut, Utrecht 3584 AA, The Netherlands
3
Wageningen University, Wageningen 6700 EV, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Beat Knechtle
Received: 23 April 2016 / Revised: 25 May 2016 / Accepted: 3 June 2016 / Published: 7 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport Nutrition for Health and Performance)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [207 KB, uploaded 7 June 2016]

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of dietary supplements (DS’s) and sport nutrition product (SNPs) among the general population, to identify differences for gender, age, and exercise frequency, and to determine the main reasons for use. The study was designed as a web-based questionnaire in a representative sample (n = 1544) of the Dutch population. Sixty-two percent (n = 957) of the respondents reported having used DS’s, SNPs, or both in the last twelve months. Women and older people reported the highest DS use. The highest use of SNPs was reported by regular exercising men and younger people with improving sporting performance as their main objective. Most frequently reported DS’s were multivitamins (28%) and vitamin C (19%)—for SNPs, energy drinks (22%) and isotonic drinks (19%). Health considerations were the most important motivation (DS’s 90% and SNPs 52%), but also performance was substantially reported (DS’s 14% and SNPs 35%). A substantial group of sedentary respondents also reported the use of SNPs. This study confirms that DS’s, SNPs, or both are widely used among the general population. Both health as performance are important reasons for use. It can be questioned whether the use of SNPs fits all respondents’ physical activity needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional supplements; sports dietetics; exercise; health; performance nutritional supplements; sports dietetics; exercise; health; performance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wardenaar, F.; van den Dool, R.; Ceelen, I.; Witkamp, R.; Mensink, M. Self-Reported Use and Reasons among the General Population for Using Sports Nutrition Products and Dietary Supplements. Sports 2016, 4, 33.

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