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Sports 2016, 4(2), 23; doi:10.3390/sports4020023

The Effects of Mental Imagery with Video-Modeling on Self-Efficacy and Maximal Front Squat Ability

Springfield College, Massachusetts, MA 01109, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Received: 29 February 2016 / Revised: 5 April 2016 / Accepted: 12 April 2016 / Published: 14 April 2016
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Abstract

This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of mental imagery supplemented with video-modeling on self-efficacy and front squat strength (three repetition maximum; 3RM). Subjects (13 male, 7 female) who had at least 6 months of front squat experience were assigned to either an experimental (n = 10) or a control (n = 10) group. Subjects′ 3RM and self-efficacy for the 3RM were measured at baseline. Following this, subjects in the experimental group followed a structured imagery protocol, incorporating video recordings of both their own 3RM performance and a model lifter with excellent technique, twice a day for three days. Subjects in the control group spent the same amount of time viewing a placebo video. Following three days with no physical training, measurements of front squat 3RM and self-efficacy for the 3RM were repeated. Subjects in the experimental group increased in self-efficacy following the intervention, and showed greater 3RM improvement than those in the control group. Self-efficacy was found to significantly mediate the relationship between imagery and front squat 3RM. These findings point to the importance of mental skills training for the enhancement of self-efficacy and front squat performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: strength and conditioning; mental skills; psychology; three repetition maximum (3RM) strength and conditioning; mental skills; psychology; three repetition maximum (3RM)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Buck, D.J.M.; Hutchinson, J.C.; Winter, C.R.; Thompson, B.A. The Effects of Mental Imagery with Video-Modeling on Self-Efficacy and Maximal Front Squat Ability. Sports 2016, 4, 23.

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