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Sports 2016, 4(1), 9; doi:10.3390/sports4010009

Vertical Jumping Tests versus Wingate Anaerobic Test in Female Volleyball Players: The Role of Age

1
Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Athens 16673, Greece
2
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia 18450, Greece
3
Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto 4200-450, Portugal
4
Department of Sport Science, European University of Madrid, Madrid 28670, Spain
5
Department of Physical Education, Universidad de Los Llanos Occedentales Ezequiel Zamora, Barinitas 7001, Venezuela
6
UFR STAPS, CeRSM (EA 2931), Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, Nanterre 92000, France
7
Instutute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich CH-8006, Switzerland
8
Area of Corporal Express, Faculty of Humanities and Science Education, University of Jaen, Jaen 3109, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Received: 10 December 2015 / Revised: 19 January 2016 / Accepted: 3 February 2016 / Published: 5 February 2016
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Abstract

Single and continuous vertical jumping tests, as well as the Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT), are commonly used to assess the short-term muscle power of female volleyball players; however, the relationship among these tests has not been studied adequately. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of single and continuous vertical jumps with the WAnT in female volleyball players. Seventy adolescent (age 16.0 ± 1.0 years, body mass 62.5 ± 7.1 kg, height 170.4 ± 6.1 cm, body fat 24.2% ± 4.3%) and 108 adult female volleyball players (age 24.8 ± 5.2 years, body mass 66.5 ± 8.7 kg, height 173.2 ± 7.4 cm, body fat 22.0% ± 5.1%) performed the squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), Abalakov jump (AJ), 30 s Bosco test and WAnT (peak power, Ppeak; mean power, Pmean). Mean power in the Bosco test was correlated (low to large magnitude) with Pmean of the WAnT (r = 0.27, p = 0.030 in adolescents versus r = 0.56, p < 0.001 in adults). SJ, CMJ and AJ also correlated with Ppeak (0.28 ≤ r ≤ 0.46 in adolescents versus 0.58 ≤ r ≤ 0.61 in adults) and with Pmean (0.43 ≤ r ≤ 0.51 versus 0.67 ≤ r ≤ 0.71, respectively) of the WAnT (p < 0.05). In summary, the impact of the Bosco test and WAnT on muscle power varied, especially in the younger age group. Single jumping tests had larger correlations with WAnT in adults than in adolescent volleyball players. These findings should be taken into account by volleyball coaches and fitness trainers during the assessment of short-term muscle power of their athletes. View Full-Text
Keywords: age groups; anaerobic power; exercise mode; performance analysis; physiological evaluation; short-term power; team sport age groups; anaerobic power; exercise mode; performance analysis; physiological evaluation; short-term power; team sport
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nikolaidis, P.T.; Afonso, J.; Clemente-Suarez, V.J.; Alvarado, J.R.P.; Driss, T.; Knechtle, B.; Torres-Luque, G. Vertical Jumping Tests versus Wingate Anaerobic Test in Female Volleyball Players: The Role of Age. Sports 2016, 4, 9.

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