Sports 2014, 2(1), 14-23; doi:10.3390/sports2010014
Short Communication

Music in CrossFit®—Influence on Performance, Physiological, and Psychological Parameters

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Received: 27 November 2013; in revised form: 30 December 2013 / Accepted: 2 January 2014 / Published: 7 January 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Gaining increasing popularity within the fitness sector, CrossFit® serves as an appealing and efficient high intensity training approach to develop strength and endurance on a functional level; and music is often utilized to produce ergogenic effects. The present randomized, controlled, crossover study aimed at investigating the effects of music vs. non-music on performance, physiological and psychological outcomes. Thirteen (age: 27.5, standard deviation (SD) 6.2 years), healthy, moderately trained subjects performed four identical workouts over two weeks. The order of the four workouts (two with, and two without music, 20 min each) was randomly assigned for each individual. Acute responses in work output, heart rate, blood lactate, rate of perceived exertion, perceived pain, and affective reaction were measured at the 5th, 10th, 15th, and 20th min during the training sessions. Training with music resulted in a significantly lower work output (460.3 repetitions, SD 98.1 vs. 497.8 repetitions, SD 103.7; p = 0.03). All other parameters did not differ between both music conditions. This is partly in line with previous findings that instead of providing ergogenic effects, applying music during CrossFit® may serve as a more distractive stimulus. Future studies should separate the influence of music on a more individual basis with larger sample sizes.
Keywords: music; performance; psychological state; pain; RPE; crossfit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brupbacher, G.; Harder, J.; Faude, O.; Zahner, L.; Donath, L. Music in CrossFit®—Influence on Performance, Physiological, and Psychological Parameters. Sports 2014, 2, 14-23.

AMA Style

Brupbacher G, Harder J, Faude O, Zahner L, Donath L. Music in CrossFit®—Influence on Performance, Physiological, and Psychological Parameters. Sports. 2014; 2(1):14-23.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brupbacher, Gavin; Harder, Jona; Faude, Oliver; Zahner, Lukas; Donath, Lars. 2014. "Music in CrossFit®—Influence on Performance, Physiological, and Psychological Parameters." Sports 2, no. 1: 14-23.

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