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Lubricants 2018, 6(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants6010023

Tribological Performance of Phosphonium Ionic Liquids as Additives in Lithium Lubricating Grease

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
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Received: 8 January 2018 / Revised: 14 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 27 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Lubricant Additives)
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Abstract

Three oil–miscible phosphonium ionic liquids with different structures were synthesized and used as additives for a Poly Alpha Olefin 10 (PAO 10) lithium lubricating grease. Different from other additives, the ionic liquids participated in saponification and were trapped in the entanglement network formed by the thickener. The effects of the ionic liquids on the rheological properties of lithium lubricating grease were characterized through a small-amplitude oscillatory shear (SAOS) measurement. The tribological performances of the lubricating greases were determined on a four-ball friction tester. The addition of phosphonium ionic liquids caused a decrease in the storage (G′) and loss (Gʺ) modulus of lubricating grease. However, the ionic liquids were found to be effective lubricant additives for improving the friction-reducing and antiwear properties of PAO 10 lithium lubricating grease. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium lubricating grease; ionic liquid; additive; rheology lithium lubricating grease; ionic liquid; additive; rheology
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Wang, Z.; Chang, J.; Cai, C. Tribological Performance of Phosphonium Ionic Liquids as Additives in Lithium Lubricating Grease. Lubricants 2018, 6, 23.

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