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Lubricants 2017, 5(2), 15; doi:10.3390/lubricants5020015

Chemical-Mechanical Impact of Nanoparticles and pH Effect of the Slurry on the CMP of the Selective Layer Surfaces

1
Department of Machine Elements and Tribology, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, 313 Spl. Independentei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
2
Department of Biotechnical Systems, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, 313 Spl. Independentei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Costas Charitidis
Received: 29 March 2017 / Revised: 18 May 2017 / Accepted: 19 May 2017 / Published: 23 May 2017
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Abstract

This paper provides a tribochemical study of the selective layer surface by chemical mechanical planarization (CMP). CMP is used to remove excess material obtained in the process of selective transfer. The paper aims at a better understanding of the planarization (polishing) and micromachining. The planarization becomes effective if the material removal rate (MRR) is optimal and the surface defects are minimal. The pH of the slurry plays a very important role in removing the selective layer by CMP, and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is the most common oxidizer used in CMP slurry. The purpose of this paper is the analysis of the pH effect on the etching rate (ER) and on the behavior of selective layer polishing by a constant concentration of H2O2 and the influence of nanoparticles size and concentration on selective layer surface CMP. The nanoparticle size used is 250 nm. The MRR results through CMP and ER have been shown to be influenced by the presence of oxides on the selective layer surface and have been found to vary with the slurry pH at constant H2O2 concentrations. The CMP slurry plays an important role in the CMP process performance and should be monitored for optimum results and minimal surface defects. The paper analyzes the impact of chemical-mechanical, inter-nanoparticle, and pad-nanoparticle-substrate interactions on CMP performance, taking into account the state of friction at the interface, by measuring the friction force. Selective layer CMP optimization studies were required to control the chemical and mechanical interactions at the interface between the slurry and the selective layer, the slurry chemistry, the properties, and the stability of the suspended abrasive nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticle interaction; material removal rate; etching rate; friction at interface; slurry stability; corrosion products nanoparticle interaction; material removal rate; etching rate; friction at interface; slurry stability; corrosion products
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ilie, F.; Ipate, G. Chemical-Mechanical Impact of Nanoparticles and pH Effect of the Slurry on the CMP of the Selective Layer Surfaces. Lubricants 2017, 5, 15.

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