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Lubricants 2015, 3(2), 142-154; doi:10.3390/lubricants3020142

Analysis of the Journal Bearing Friction Losses in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine

Virtual Vehicle Research Center, Inffeldgasse 21A, 8010 Graz, Austria
AVL LIST GmbH, Hans-List-Platz 1, 8020 Graz, Austria
Institute of Internal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 19, 8010 Graz, Austria
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Romeo P. Glovnea and Michel Fillon
Received: 15 January 2015 / Revised: 27 February 2015 / Accepted: 9 March 2015 / Published: 2 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Friction and Lubrication of Bearings)
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Internal combustion engines (ICE) for the use in heavy-duty trucks and buses have to fulfil demanding requirements for both vehicle efficiency as well as for emission of greenhouse gases. Beside the piston assembly the journal bearings are among the largest contributors to friction in the ICE. Through a combination of measurements and validated simulation methods the journal bearing friction losses of a state-of-the-art heavy-duty Diesel engine are investigated for a large range of real world operating conditions. To this task recently developed and extensively validated simulation methods are used together with realistic lubricant models that consider the Non-Newtonian behaviour as well as the piezoviscous effect. In addition, the potential for further friction reduction with the use of ultra-low viscosity lubricants is explored. The results reveal a potential of about 8% friction reduction in the journal bearings using a 0W20 ultra-low viscosity oil with an HTHS-viscosity (The HTHS-viscosity is defined as the dynamic viscosity of the lubricant measured at 150 °C and at a shear rate of 106 s View Full-Text
Keywords: journal bearing; friction; measurement; simulation; test rig journal bearing; friction; measurement; simulation; test rig

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Knauder, C.; Allmaier, H.; Sander, D.E.; Salhofer, S.; Reich, F.M.; Sams, T. Analysis of the Journal Bearing Friction Losses in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine. Lubricants 2015, 3, 142-154.

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