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Lubricants 2014, 2(1), 11-20; doi:10.3390/lubricants2010011

Lubricants for Metal Belt Continuously Variable Transmissions

Lubricants Research Laboratory, Idemitsu Kosan Co. Ltd., 24-4 Anesakikaigan, Ichihara-shi, Chiba, 299-0107, Japan
Received: 4 December 2013 / Revised: 9 January 2014 / Accepted: 10 January 2014 / Published: 25 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additives for Lubricants)
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Abstract

This paper reviews the effects of lubricant additives and base stock used in metal belt continuously variable transmissions (CVT) fluids on the CVT transmission torque capacity. Additive formulation composed of phosphorus anti-wear agent, calcium detergent, and dispersant improved the friction coefficient between the metals. The analysis on the post-test surface suggests that the friction behavior strongly depends on the local morphology of the tribofilms derived from lubricant additives. Examining the effect of base stock on the torque capacity in actual belt CVTs revealed that SN (synthetic naphthene) exhibited 10% higher torque capacity than that of PAO (polyalphaolefin). It is believed that the difference in the torque capacity is due to the difference in the oil-film shearing force generated by the relative sliding between the belt and pulley.
Keywords: belt CVT; torque capacity; lubricant additives; base stock; boundary lubrication; surface analysis belt CVT; torque capacity; lubricant additives; base stock; boundary lubrication; surface analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Narita, K. Lubricants for Metal Belt Continuously Variable Transmissions. Lubricants 2014, 2, 11-20.

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