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J. Pers. Med. 2015, 5(1), 36-49; doi:10.3390/jpm5010036

Common Genetic Risk for Melanoma Encourages Preventive Behavior Change

1
United States Air Force Medical Services, 7700 Arlington Boulevard, Falls Church, VA 22042, USA
2
Coriell Institute for Medical Research, 403 Haddon Ave, Camden, NJ 08103, USA
3
Me, Inc., 1390 Shorebird Way, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stephen B. Liggett
Received: 19 December 2014 / Revised: 12 February 2015 / Accepted: 13 February 2015 / Published: 17 February 2015
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Abstract

There is currently great interest in using genetic risk estimates for common disease in personalized healthcare. Here we assess melanoma risk-related preventive behavioral change in the context of the Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative (CPMC). As part of on-going reporting activities within the project, participants received a personalized risk assessment including information related to their own self-reported family history of melanoma and a genetic risk variant showing a moderate effect size (1.7, 3.0 respectively for heterozygous and homozygous individuals). Participants who opted to view their report were sent an optional outcome survey assessing risk perception and behavioral change in the months that followed. Participants that report family history risk, genetic risk, or both risk factors for melanoma were significantly more likely to increase skin cancer preventive behaviors when compared to participants with neither risk factor (ORs = 2.04, 2.79, 4.06 and p-values = 0.02, 2.86 × 10−5, 4.67 × 10−5, respectively), and we found the relationship between risk information and behavior to be partially mediated by anxiety. Genomic risk assessments appear to encourage positive behavioral change in a manner that is complementary to family history risk information and therefore may represent a useful addition to standard of care for melanoma prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: melanoma; prevention; genetic melanoma; prevention; genetic
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Diseati, L.; Scheinfeldt, L.B.; Kasper, R.S.; Zhaoyang, R.; Gharani, N.; Schmidlen, T.J.; Gordon, E.S.; Sessions, C.K.; Delaney, S.K.; Jarvis, J.P.; Gerry, N.; Christman, M. Common Genetic Risk for Melanoma Encourages Preventive Behavior Change. J. Pers. Med. 2015, 5, 36-49.

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J. Pers. Med. EISSN 2075-4426 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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