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Diagnostics 2018, 8(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics8010015

Congenital Vomer Agenesis: A Rare and Poorly Understood Condition Revealed by Cone Beam CT

1
Department of Imaging and Informatics Sciences, Division of Radiology, University Hospital Geneva, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
2
Division of Oral Surgery and Implantology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2018 / Revised: 31 January 2018 / Accepted: 6 February 2018 / Published: 10 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Medical Imaging)
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Abstract

Isolated congenital vomer agenesis is a very rare and poorly understood condition. In the context of dental work-up by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), the explored volume of the facial bones occasionally reveals incidental abnormalities. We report the case of a 13-year old Caucasian female who underwent CBCT for the pre-treatment evaluation of primary failure of tooth eruption affecting the permanent right upper and inferior molars. CBCT depicted a large defect of the postero-inferior part of the nasal septum without associated soft tissue abnormality and without cranio-facial malformation or cleft palate. In the absence of a history of trauma, chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease, neoplasia and drug abuse, a posterior nasal septum defect warrants the diagnosis of vomer agenesis. A discussion of this condition and of salient CBCT features is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: vomer agenesis; cone-beam computed tomography; primary failure of tooth eruption vomer agenesis; cone-beam computed tomography; primary failure of tooth eruption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Yan, D.J.; Lenoir, V.; Chatelain, S.; Stefanelli, S.; Becker, M. Congenital Vomer Agenesis: A Rare and Poorly Understood Condition Revealed by Cone Beam CT. Diagnostics 2018, 8, 15.

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