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Diagnostics 2016, 6(2), 26; doi:10.3390/diagnostics6020026

Angiogenesis PET Tracer Uptake (68Ga-NODAGA-E[(cRGDyK)]2) in Induced Myocardial Infarction in Minipigs

1
Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine & PET and Cluster for Molecular Imaging, Rigshospitalet and University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
2
Cardiology Stem Cell Centre, Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
3
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Markus Schwaiger
Received: 20 April 2016 / Revised: 6 June 2016 / Accepted: 12 June 2016 / Published: 17 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in Cardiology and Oncology)
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Abstract

Angiogenesis is part of the healing process following an ischemic injury and is vital for the post-ischemic repair of the myocardium. Therefore, it is of particular interest to be able to noninvasively monitor angiogenesis. This might, not only permit risk stratification of patients following myocardial infarction, but could also facilitate development and improvement of new therapies directed towards stimulation of the angiogenic response. During angiogenesis endothelial cells must adhere to one another to form new microvessels. αvβ3 integrin has been found to be highly expressed in activated endothelial cells and has been identified as a critical modulator of angiogenesis. 68Ga-NODAGA-E[c(RGDyK)]2 (RGD) has recently been developed by us as an angiogenesis positron-emission-tomography (PET) ligand targeted towards αvβ3 integrin. In the present study, we induced myocardial infarction in Göttingen minipigs. Successful infarction was documented by 82Rubidium-dipyridamole stress PET and computed tomography. RGD uptake was demonstrated in the infarcted myocardium one week and one month after induction of infarction by RGD-PET. In conclusion, we demonstrated angiogenesis by noninvasive imaging using RGD-PET in minipigs hearts, which resemble human hearts. The perspectives are very intriguing and might permit the evaluation of new treatment strategies targeted towards increasing the angiogenetic response, e.g., stem-cell treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: positron-emission-tomography; angiogenesis; myocardial infarction positron-emission-tomography; angiogenesis; myocardial infarction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rasmussen, T.; Follin, B.; Kastrup, J.; Brandt-Larsen, M.; Madsen, J.; Emil Christensen, T.; Pharao Hammelev, K.; Hasbak, P.; Kjær, A. Angiogenesis PET Tracer Uptake (68Ga-NODAGA-E[(cRGDyK)]2) in Induced Myocardial Infarction in Minipigs. Diagnostics 2016, 6, 26.

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