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Diagnostics 2015, 5(4), 564-576; doi:10.3390/diagnostics5040564

Prevalence of Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Individuals with Learning Disabilities

1
Loughborough University, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
2
Learning Disabilities Services, Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust, Mansion House, Leicester Frith Hospital site, Groby Road, Leicester LE3 9QF, UK
3
Mental Health Services for Older People, Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust, The Evington Centre, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4QG, UK
4
Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas Kjaer
Received: 16 October 2015 / Revised: 17 November 2015 / Accepted: 23 November 2015 / Published: 2 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Early Dementia Screening and Treatment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [676 KB, uploaded 2 December 2015]

Abstract

A review of 23 studies investigating the prevalence of Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in the general and learning disability population and measures used to assess BPSD was carried out. BPSD are non-cognitive symptoms, which constitute as a major component of dementia regardless of its subtype Research has indicated that there is a high prevalence of BPSD in the general dementia population. There are limited studies, which investigate the prevalence of BPSD within individuals who have learning disabilities and dementia. Findings suggest BPSDs are present within individuals with learning disabilities and dementia. Future research should use updated tools for investigating the prevalence of BPSD within individuals with learning disabilities and dementia. View Full-Text
Keywords: BPSD; learning disabilities; dementia; neuropsychiatric inventory BPSD; learning disabilities; dementia; neuropsychiatric inventory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Devshi, R.; Shaw, S.; Elliott-King, J.; Hogervorst, E.; Hiremath, A.; Velayudhan, L.; Kumar, S.; Baillon, S.; Bandelow, S. Prevalence of Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Individuals with Learning Disabilities. Diagnostics 2015, 5, 564-576.

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