Diagnostics 2012, 2(4), 42-51; doi:10.3390/diagnostics2040042
Article

Importance of Attenuation Correction (AC) for Small Animal PET Imaging

* email, email, email, email and email
Received: 17 August 2012; in revised form: 13 September 2012 / Accepted: 8 October 2012 / Published: 9 October 2012
(This article belongs to the collection Feature Papers)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a correction for annihilation photon attenuation in small objects such as mice is necessary. The attenuation recovery for specific organs and subcutaneous tumors was investigated. A comparison between different attenuation correction methods was performed. Methods: Ten NMRI nude mice with subcutaneous implantation of human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) were scanned consecutively in small animal PET and CT scanners (MicroPETTM Focus 120 and ImTek’s MicroCATTM II). CT-based AC, PET-based AC and uniform AC methods were compared. Results: The activity concentration in the same organ with and without AC revealed an overall attenuation recovery of 9–21% for MAP reconstructed images, i.e., SUV without AC could underestimate the true activity at this level. For subcutaneous tumors, the attenuation was 13 ± 4% (9–17%), for kidneys 20 ± 1% (19–21%), and for bladder 18 ± 3% (15–21%). The FBP reconstructed images showed almost the same attenuation levels as the MAP reconstructed images for all organs. Conclusions: The annihilation photons are suffering attenuation even in small subjects. Both PET-based and CT-based are adequate as AC methods. The amplitude of the AC recovery could be overestimated using the uniform map. Therefore, application of a global attenuation factor on PET data might not be accurate for attenuation correction.
Keywords: attenuation correction; small animal; PET imaging; MicroPET; molecular imaging
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [471 KB, uploaded 9 October 2012 13:37 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

El Ali, H.H.; Bodholdt, R.P.; Jørgensen, J.T.; Myschetzky, R.; Kjaer, A. Importance of Attenuation Correction (AC) for Small Animal PET Imaging. Diagnostics 2012, 2, 42-51.

AMA Style

El Ali HH, Bodholdt RP, Jørgensen JT, Myschetzky R, Kjaer A. Importance of Attenuation Correction (AC) for Small Animal PET Imaging. Diagnostics. 2012; 2(4):42-51.

Chicago/Turabian Style

El Ali, Henrik H.; Bodholdt, Rasmus Poul; Jørgensen, Jesper Tranekjær; Myschetzky, Rebecca; Kjaer, Andreas. 2012. "Importance of Attenuation Correction (AC) for Small Animal PET Imaging." Diagnostics 2, no. 4: 42-51.

Diagnostics EISSN 2075-4418 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert