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Diagnostics 2012, 2(2), 2-9; doi:10.3390/diagnostics2020002
Article

Intra-/Interobserver Agreement of Enhancement Pattern for Pancreatic Head Lesions Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: According to EFSUMB Guidelines

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Received: 27 February 2012; in revised form: 22 March 2012 / Accepted: 29 March 2012 / Published: 20 April 2012
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Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the intra-/interobserver agreement of the visual interpretation of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of pancreatic head lesions and its concordance with the histological test results. Material and Methods: Two observers (A + B) evaluated by simple visual interpretation 40 consecutive CEUS examinations of pancreatic head lesions and one of the observers evaluated the examinations twice (A1 + A2). The examinations were evaluated according to the criteria outlined in EFSUMB guidelines. The two experienced observers were blinded to histological evidence and clinical information of tumor type and to each other’s results. Results: The kappa value for the intraobserver evaluation between observer A1 and A2 was 0.89, equating to almost perfect agreement. The kappa value for the interobserver evaluation between observer A1 and B was 0.76 and between observer A2 and B it was 0.75, both equating to substantial agreement. Evaluation of the visual interpretation compared to the histological test result showed a positive predictive value for A1, A2 and B versus biopsy of 97%, 94% and 90% respectively and an accuracy of 83%, 88% and 73% respectively. Conclusions: Visual interpretation for assessment of contrast enhancement of pancreatic head lesions seemed to be an accurate method with reproducible results and good concordance with the histological test results.
Keywords: contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS); pancreatic head lesions; intra-/interobserver agreement contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS); pancreatic head lesions; intra-/interobserver agreement
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Grossjohann, H.S.; Ewertsen, C.; Svendsen, L.B.; Nielsen, M.B. Intra-/Interobserver Agreement of Enhancement Pattern for Pancreatic Head Lesions Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: According to EFSUMB Guidelines. Diagnostics 2012, 2, 2-9.

AMA Style

Grossjohann HS, Ewertsen C, Svendsen LB, Nielsen MB. Intra-/Interobserver Agreement of Enhancement Pattern for Pancreatic Head Lesions Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: According to EFSUMB Guidelines. Diagnostics. 2012; 2(2):2-9.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grossjohann, Hanne Sønder; Ewertsen, Caroline; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann. 2012. "Intra-/Interobserver Agreement of Enhancement Pattern for Pancreatic Head Lesions Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: According to EFSUMB Guidelines." Diagnostics 2, no. 2: 2-9.

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