Next Article in Journal
The Heptameric SmAP1 and SmAP2 Proteins of the Crenarchaeon Sulfolobus Solfataricus Bind to Common and Distinct RNA Targets
Next Article in Special Issue
Protocells Models in Origin of Life and Synthetic Biology
Previous Article in Journal
Role of Cyanobacterial Exopolysaccharides in Phototrophic Biofilms and in Complex Microbial Mats
Previous Article in Special Issue
Engineering Protocells: Prospects for Self-Assembly and Nanoscale Production-Lines
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Life 2015, 5(2), 1239-1263; doi:10.3390/life5021239

Current Ideas about Prebiological Compartmentalization

1
Center for Fundamental Living Technology (FLinT), Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense, Denmark
2
Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry, Department of Materials, ETH-Zürich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 5, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fabio Mavelli and Pasquale Stano
Received: 3 March 2015 / Revised: 1 April 2015 / Accepted: 2 April 2015 / Published: 10 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Protocells - Designs for Life)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [328 KB, uploaded 10 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

Contemporary biological cells are highly sophisticated dynamic compartment systems which separate an internal volume from the external medium through a boundary, which controls, in complex ways, the exchange of matter and energy between the cell’s interior and the environment. Since such compartmentalization is a fundamental principle of all forms of life, scenarios have been elaborated about the emergence of prebiological compartments on early Earth, in particular about their likely structural characteristics and dynamic features. Chemical systems that consist of potentially prebiological compartments and chemical reaction networks have been designed to model pre-cellular systems. These systems are often referred to as “protocells”. Past and current protocell model systems are presented and compared. Since the prebiotic formation of cell-like compartments is directly linked to the prebiotic availability of compartment building blocks, a few aspects on the likely chemical inventory on the early Earth are also summarized. View Full-Text
Keywords: protocell; compartment; lipids; fatty acids; vesicles; coacervates; amphiphiles; origin of life protocell; compartment; lipids; fatty acids; vesicles; coacervates; amphiphiles; origin of life
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Monnard, P.-A.; Walde, P. Current Ideas about Prebiological Compartmentalization. Life 2015, 5, 1239-1263.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Life EISSN 2075-1729 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top