Salt Acclimation of Cyanobacteria and Their Application in Biotechnology
AbstractThe long evolutionary history and photo-autotrophic lifestyle of cyanobacteria has allowed them to colonize almost all photic habitats on Earth, including environments with high or fluctuating salinity. Their basal salt acclimation strategy includes two principal reactions, the active export of ions and the accumulation of compatible solutes. Cyanobacterial salt acclimation has been characterized in much detail using selected model cyanobacteria, but their salt sensing and regulatory mechanisms are less well understood. Here, we briefly review recent advances in the identification of salt acclimation processes and the essential genes/proteins involved in acclimation to high salt. This knowledge is of increasing importance because the necessary mass cultivation of cyanobacteria for future use in biotechnology will be performed in sea water. In addition, cyanobacterial salt resistance genes also can be applied to improve the salt tolerance of salt sensitive organisms, such as crop plants. View Full-Text
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Pade, N.; Hagemann, M. Salt Acclimation of Cyanobacteria and Their Application in Biotechnology. Life 2015, 5, 25-49.
Pade N, Hagemann M. Salt Acclimation of Cyanobacteria and Their Application in Biotechnology. Life. 2015; 5(1):25-49.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pade, Nadin; Hagemann, Martin. 2015. "Salt Acclimation of Cyanobacteria and Their Application in Biotechnology." Life 5, no. 1: 25-49.