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Open AccessCommunication
Life 2012, 2(1), 165-169; doi:10.3390/life2010165

The Capricious Character of Nature

1
and
1,2,3,*
1
Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki , Finland
2
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki, Finland
3
Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2011 / Revised: 22 December 2011 / Accepted: 4 January 2012 / Published: 11 January 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [171 KB, uploaded 11 January 2012]   |  

Abstract

The on-going whole genome sequencing and whole cell assays of metabolites and proteins imply that complex systems could ultimately be mastered by perfecting knowledge into great detail. However, courses of nature are inherently intractable because flows of energy and their driving forces depend on each other. Thus no data will suffice to predict precisely the outcomes of e.g., engineering experiments. All path-dependent processes, most notably evolution in its entirety, display this capricious character of nature. View Full-Text
Keywords: evolution; free energy; natural selection evolution; free energy; natural selection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Keto, J.; Annila, A. The Capricious Character of Nature. Life 2012, 2, 165-169.

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