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Life 2012, 2(1), 165-169; doi:10.3390/life2010165

The Capricious Character of Nature

 and 1,2,3,*
Received: 1 December 2011 / Revised: 22 December 2011 / Accepted: 4 January 2012 / Published: 11 January 2012
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Abstract: The on-going whole genome sequencing and whole cell assays of metabolites and proteins imply that complex systems could ultimately be mastered by perfecting knowledge into great detail. However, courses of nature are inherently intractable because flows of energy and their driving forces depend on each other. Thus no data will suffice to predict precisely the outcomes of e.g., engineering experiments. All path-dependent processes, most notably evolution in its entirety, display this capricious character of nature.
Keywords: evolution; free energy; natural selection evolution; free energy; natural selection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Keto, J.; Annila, A. The Capricious Character of Nature. Life 2012, 2, 165-169.

AMA Style

Keto J, Annila A. The Capricious Character of Nature. Life. 2012; 2(1):165-169.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Keto, Jaana; Annila, Arto. 2012. "The Capricious Character of Nature." Life 2, no. 1: 165-169.

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