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Life 2012, 2(1), 165-169; doi:10.3390/life2010165

The Capricious Character of Nature

Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki , Finland
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki, Finland
Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2011 / Revised: 22 December 2011 / Accepted: 4 January 2012 / Published: 11 January 2012
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The on-going whole genome sequencing and whole cell assays of metabolites and proteins imply that complex systems could ultimately be mastered by perfecting knowledge into great detail. However, courses of nature are inherently intractable because flows of energy and their driving forces depend on each other. Thus no data will suffice to predict precisely the outcomes of e.g., engineering experiments. All path-dependent processes, most notably evolution in its entirety, display this capricious character of nature.
Keywords: evolution; free energy; natural selection evolution; free energy; natural selection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Keto, J.; Annila, A. The Capricious Character of Nature. Life 2012, 2, 165-169.

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