Next Article in Journal
Primal Eukaryogenesis: On the Communal Nature of Precellular States, Ancestral to Modern Life
Previous Article in Journal
Life Origination Hydrate Hypothesis (LOH-Hypothesis)
Life 2012, 2(1), 165-169; doi:10.3390/life2010165

The Capricious Character of Nature

1 Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki , Finland 2 Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki, Finland 3 Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Fi-00014 Helsinki, Finland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2011 / Revised: 22 December 2011 / Accepted: 4 January 2012 / Published: 11 January 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [171 KB, uploaded 11 January 2012]   |  


The on-going whole genome sequencing and whole cell assays of metabolites and proteins imply that complex systems could ultimately be mastered by perfecting knowledge into great detail. However, courses of nature are inherently intractable because flows of energy and their driving forces depend on each other. Thus no data will suffice to predict precisely the outcomes of e.g., engineering experiments. All path-dependent processes, most notably evolution in its entirety, display this capricious character of nature.
Keywords: evolution; free energy; natural selection evolution; free energy; natural selection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Keto, J.; Annila, A. The Capricious Character of Nature. Life 2012, 2, 165-169.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Life EISSN 2075-1729 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert