Next Article in Journal
Fuzzy Pattern Classification Based Detection of Faulty Electronic Fuel Control (EFC) Valves Used in Diesel Engines
Next Article in Special Issue
Data-Driven Methods for the Detection of Causal Structures in Process Technology
Previous Article in Journal
Detailed Study of Closed Stator Slots for a Direct-Driven Synchronous Permanent Magnet Linear Wave Energy Converter
Machines 2014, 2(1), 87-98; doi:10.3390/machines2010087

Problems in Assessment of Novel Biopotential Front-End with Dry Electrode: A Brief Review

1,2,* , 1
1 DIETI "Federico II" the University of Naples, Naples 80120, Italy 2 BENS, The MARCS Institute, the University of Western Sydney, Kingswood, NSW 2747, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 December 2013 / Revised: 10 February 2014 / Accepted: 17 February 2014 / Published: 25 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Machinery Diagnostics and Prognostics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [256 KB, 26 February 2014; original version 25 February 2014]   |  


Developers of novel or improved front-end circuits for biopotential recordings using dry electrodes face the challenge of validating their design. Dry electrodes allow more user-friendly and pervasive patient-monitoring, but proof is required that new devices can perform biopotential recording with a quality at least comparable to existing medical devices. Aside from electrical safety requirement recommended by standards and concise circuit requirement, there is not yet a complete validation procedure able to demonstrate improved or even equivalent performance of the new devices. This short review discusses the validation procedures presented in recent, landmark literature and offers interesting issues and hints for a more complete assessment of novel biopotential front-end.
Keywords: biomedical front-end; dry electrodes; biopotentials recording biomedical front-end; dry electrodes; biopotentials recording
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Gargiulo, G.D.; Bifulco, P.; Cesarelli, M.; Fratini, A.; Romano, M. Problems in Assessment of Novel Biopotential Front-End with Dry Electrode: A Brief Review. Machines 2014, 2, 87-98.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics


[Return to top]
Machines EISSN 2075-1702 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert