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Minerals 2018, 8(8), 334; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8080334

Water Structure, Dynamics and Ion Adsorption at the Aqueous {010} Brushite Surface

1
Curtin Institute for Computation/The Institute for Geoscience Research (TIGeR), School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, P.O. Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
2
Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 31 July 2018 / Accepted: 1 August 2018 / Published: 3 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Surface Reactions at the Nanoscale)
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Abstract

Understanding the growth processes of calcium phosphate minerals in aqueous environments has implications for both health and geology. Brushite, in particular, is a component of certain kidney stones and is used as a bone implant coating. Understanding the water–brushite interface at the molecular scale will help inform the control of its growth. Liquid-ordering and the rates of water exchange at the brushite–solution interface have been examined through the use of molecular dynamics simulation and the results compared to surface X-ray diffraction data. This comparison highlights discrepancies between the two sets of results, regardless of whether force field or first principles methods are used in the simulations, or the extent of water coverage. In order to probe other possible reasons for this difference, the free energies for the adsorption of several ions on brushite were computed. Given the exothermic nature found in some cases, it is possible that the discrepancy in the surface electron density may be caused by adsorption of excess ions. View Full-Text
Keywords: brushite; mineral growth; calcium phosphate; adsorption; simulation; metadynamics brushite; mineral growth; calcium phosphate; adsorption; simulation; metadynamics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Garcia, N.A.; Raiteri, P.; Vlieg, E.; Gale, J.D. Water Structure, Dynamics and Ion Adsorption at the Aqueous {010} Brushite Surface. Minerals 2018, 8, 334.

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